Extending Project Passport
Project Passport began in the late 1990's as a regional effort led by Kentucky with its seven bordering states to identify a practical mechanism to improve the recognition and enforcement of orders of protection across jurisdictions in response to the Full Faith and Credit Provision of the Violence Against Women Act. Their collaborative endeavor resulted in a recognizable first page for orders of protection defined by commonly-agreed upon elements and a standardized format, known as the Passport Model Template First Page. The Southeast Expansion effort launched a similar initiative shortly after, led by Alabama with seven of its neighboring states and tribes.
Extending Project Passport
In 2004, the NCSC and its broad collaborative partnership, Extending Project Passport (see project description), began introducing the Passport concept nationwide through a series of regional meetings and tribal-state forums. As states and tribes have worked to implement a recognizable first page for their orders of protection, the NCSC and its partners have provided individualized technical assistance to states and tribes considering implementation of Passport, and on related topics, such as full faith and credit, federal firearms laws, tribal-state collaboration, and protection order data sharing.
To date, more than half of the U.S. states (approximately 38 states to date) have adopted the model template, or elements of the template, into their orders of protection. Others are actively exploring adoption. A growing number of tribes have also adopted the model template, or are considering adopting the model template first page for their tribal protection orders. A national implementation summary provides an overview of state processes, timelines, and outcomes.
Key Concept of Passport Model Template
The key concept of the Passport Model Template is RECOGNIZABILITY - regardless of where the protected parties live or where the order was issued. The critical aspects of the Model Template First Page are common data elements essential to verifying a protection order's validity, properly identifying parties at the point of enforcement, and exchanging protection order data across jurisdictions. If this essential data is not readily available and easily recognizable on an order of protection, the safety of a domestic violence survivor (and possibly others at the scene) can be in jeopardy.
For more information, please contact Denise O. Dancy or Susan Keilitz.
This project was supported by Grant No. 2006-WT-AX-K015 awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed in this publication/program/exhibition are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women.